1. There are the following types of road car cargo transportation.
Vehicle transportation: The shipper consigns one cargo at a time of 5 tons (including 5 tons), or less than five tons, but its nature, volume and shape need to be transported by a car of more than 5 tons, all of which are transported by the whole vehicle.
LTL transport: The shipper can ship less than 5 tons of cargo at a time or its nature, volume and shape do not need to be transported by a car of more than 5 tons. All kinds of dangerous, vulnerable, easy to pollute and fresh goods, except for other regulations and conditions, do not handle less-than-truckload transportation.
Special vehicle transportation: According to the nature, volume or weight requirements of the cargo, it is required to transport large vehicles or trailers (with a fixed tonnage of 40 tons or more) and tankers, refrigerated vehicles, and insulated vehicles.
Container transportation: a transportation method in which a container is used as a container and transported by a special purpose vehicle.
Chartered transport: The vehicle is packaged for the shipper to arrange for use, and the freight is calculated by time or mileage, and is transported by charter.
Second, the types of goods transported by road goods
Road cargo transportation goods are divided into two types: ordinary goods and special goods.
Ordinary goods refer to goods that have no special requirements for transportation, handling, and storage.
a: Light foam cargo refers to goods weighing less than 250 kg per cubic meter.
b: Pure heavy cargo refers to goods weighing more than 400 kg per cubic meter.
c: Heavy foam cargo refers to goods of 251-399 kg per cubic meter.
Special cargo refers to goods that have special requirements for transportation, handling, and storage. Special cargoes include: bulky and bulky goods, dangerous goods (goods that require special protection), valuable goods (goods that are expensive, carriers that bear greater economic responsibility during transportation), and fresh goods.
Third, the insurance and insured transportation of goods
The automobile cargo transportation insurance adopts the principle of voluntary insurance, which is determined by the shipper. For the carriage of goods by car, the method of voluntary insured price is implemented. For goods consigned by a consignment note, only one of the insured price or the insured price can be selected. The goods for insured transportation should be filled in the “insurance or insured price” column of the waybill. The carrier shall pay an insured fee of 7‰ according to the insured amount of the goods.
Fourth, the completion of the bill of lading requirements
The goods consigned by one waybill must be the same shipper; for the assembled and unloaded goods, each assembly or unloading situation should be indicated in the note of the waybill.
A consignment of a consignment shall be submitted to the list of items if it does not have the same name, the same specification, the same package, and the moving goods.
When consigning the container, the box number and the seal seal number should be indicated. The container at the port or station should also be marked with the name of the vessel, voyage or station, and a packing list should be submitted.
If the shipper requires self-care loading and unloading, it shall be indicated on the waybill after confirmation by the carrier.
The shipper entrusts the carrier to deliver the relevant supporting documents, laboratory reports or documents to the consignee, and the name and number of copies must be indicated in the shipper's note box.
The shipper is responsible for the authenticity of the contents and the relevant supporting documents provided, and signs and seals; when the shipper or the carrier changes the waybill, it must also be signed and sealed.
V. Pay attention when consigning goods
Do not carry dangerous, perishable, spillable goods and valuables, currency, securities, or important notes in ordinary goods;
For consignment of over-consigned goods, the shipper shall provide the instructions for the goods; for fresh goods, the shipper shall explain to the carrier the long-term allowable transport period; the consignment of the government decree, restrictions, and the need for health quarantine, public security supervision, etc. The goods should be accompanied by relevant certificates.
6. Packaging of consignments
The packaging of consignment goods should conform to national standards or experienced standards; goods without packaging standards should be packaged according to the weight, nature, transportation distance and other conditions of the goods, in order to ensure the safety of the goods.
The shipper shall also correctly produce the transportation mark and the packaging and transportation icon mark according to the nature of the goods and the transportation requirements in accordance with the state regulations. LTL cargo should be made of sturdy materials to produce conspicuous and clear transportation signs. For goods that are not easy to write, the goods carrying the transportation signs should be marked with paint on the goods.
Seven, cargo escort
Shippers should be sent to escort animals, plants, perishables, various valuables, ordnance ammunition, articles and other items that need to be escorted in the middle of transportation. The escort is free to take the car and is responsible for the custody and care of the goods in transit. The escort shall be limited to one person per vehicle. When the escort is required due to the nature of the goods, the number of escorts may be increased as appropriate by the carrier’s person in charge of the visa. The shipper shall indicate the name of the escort and the necessary circumstances on the waybill. The carrier shall publicize the safety precautions for the escort personnel and provide convenient conditions for work and life.
Eight, the carriage of goods
The carrier's bill of lading submitted by the shipper shall be reviewed item by item. After filling in the carrier's recorded items and affixing the shipping chapter, one of them shall be handed over to the shipper for inspection. After carrying the goods with the acceptance of the voucher, the quantity of the consigned goods, the date of shipment, the stamp of the carriage, and the certificate of the transportation shall be indicated on the back of the supporting documents, so that they can be inspected for inspection. Pay the consignee or return the shipper.
For the transshipment port and station transshipment container, the box number should be checked and the box and seal should be inspected. If the cabinet is damaged or the seal is peeled off, it must be signed or re-sealed before it can be shipped. The carrier shall bear the safety responsibility for the whole process of transporting the goods, and shall inspect and properly keep it in a timely manner, paying attention to fire prevention, moisture prevention, corrosion prevention and loss prevention. Goods with special requirements must comply with the agreed matters.
Nine, transportation costs
The price of automobile cargo transportation shall be separately calculated according to different transportation conditions.
The billable weight of automobile cargo transportation is determined according to the following regulations:
The whole vehicle is transported in tons, and the mantissa is not rounded up to 10 kilograms; the carriage of goods is in kilograms, the minimum weight is 10 kilograms, and the mantissa is not rounded at 1 kilogram; the general cargo is always packed according to the actual weight (including the goods themselves, lining The required items for the pad and transportation are calculated based on the overweight.
X. Handover, delivery and delivery of goods
In the process of cargo handling and transportation, both the carrier and the consignor shall complete the formalities for the delivery of the goods in accordance with the contract. Before the goods are shipped, both parties shall hand over the items at the site, carefully check whether the product name, specifications and quantity of the goods are consistent with the waybill, and check whether the packaging and loading meet the prescribed standards. If it is found to be inconsistent with the regulations or threaten the safe transportation, it shall not be shipped. If the carrier confirms that it is correct, it shall sign the shipper's invoice and start shipping. The package is lightly damaged, and it is difficult to repair and exchange in a short time. If the shipper insists on loading and unloading, the shipper can make the shipment after the consent of both parties, and the signature and stamping can be carried out. The consequences are borne by the shipper.
After the entire batch of goods arrives at a specific location for delivery, the receiving unit shall sign the receipt on the ticket, and the driver shall hand it over to the station or bring it back to the starting point. Less-than-truckload goods are picked up by the consignee to the arriving carrier (warehouse). If the goods are damaged or the goods are poor, the handover personnel of both parties shall make a record and sign the contract, and the consignee shall not refuse to accept the goods due to the loss of the goods or the goods.
When the goods are handed over, both the carrier and the consignor may, if they have any doubts about the weight and contents of the goods, submit inspection and re-pounds. If there is any discrepancy, they shall be dealt with according to relevant regulations. The expenses incurred in checking and resuming the pound shall be borne by the responsible party. If the receiving unit loses the ticket, it shall promptly explain the registration to the carrier. After confirmation by the carrier, the goods may be picked up by the unit certificate or other valid documents. If the receiving unit explains to the carrier, the goods have been taken away by others, and the carrier assists in the inquiry and is not responsible for compensation.
After the goods arrive at the specific address, the consignee shall pick up the goods within the hours after receiving the notification of the receipt of the goods. If the delivery is delayed, the storage and storage fees shall be added. If the goods are not picked up within the day, they will be processed without the main goods.
- 国际集装箱出口：首选预订根据客户要求---国内集装箱拖车服务---港口码头包装服务 - 报关（检验）服务---目的香港海关 清关服务---目的港到门服务。
- 国际集装箱进口：根据收件人的要求，首选订舱---国外集装箱拖车服务---码头港口包装服务 - 报关（报检）服务---国内清关服务（关税，相关政策咨询）---国内门到门服务。
- 门到门提货，代理报关，代理检验等服务; 联合代理发挥多年报关的优势，可以灵活处理深圳各海关港口物流难度高的货物，降低成本;
- 确保货物运输的安全。 集装箱运输大大减少了传统运输方式下的手动装卸和搬运次数。 这可以避免货物事故，如人为和自然因素造成的损坏，水分流失和损失，并减少经济损失。
- 节省包装材料的商品。 通过使用集装箱运输，可以简化或不包装，节省包装材料和成本，并降低商品成本。